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Caves, art and children

This video is for the Middle Primary Class, who investigated early people in the Zug region last year in our "Structures" unit of inquiry.


Text from the YouTube page:

Uploaded by  on Sep 29, 2011
Archaeological research reveals that 13,000 years before CBeebies hunter-gatherer children as young as three were creating art in deep, dark caves alongside their parents.

The History of Switzerland describes early people in Switzerland: "A few traces of early hunters (weapons and tools made from stone splinters, bones of prey animals and human skeletons) dating back to a relatively warm period about 150,000 years ago have been found in several natural caves in eastern and western Switzerland at an altitude of some 1,000 to 1,500 m (3000 to 4,500 ft) above sea level. These people belonged to the species homo neanderthalensis that disappeared later in history. They hunted mainly big animals."  That's about 145,000 years earlier than the Lake Dwellers we were thinking about last year.

Are any of these caves around our area in Cham - Zug? There are the Höllgrotten near Baar.  Are they the sort of caves people might have lived in?

There are caves nearby in Luzern, too.
"Wildkirchli is the name of a system of three caves in the Alpstein massif of Appenzell, Switzerland. They are notable for the traces of paleolithic (Neanderthals) habitation discovered in 1940 by Emil Bächler (1868–1950), dating to ca. 50,000 to 30,000 BP. Even earlier are remnants of cave bears found in the caves, dating to ca. 90,000 BP.
The caves were inhabited by hermits from 1658 to 1853.
Today, the caves are a tourist site. They can be easily accessed on foot via a short trail down from the cable car station at Ebenalp
." (Read more at Wikipedia)

Wildkirchli, Appenzell, Schweiz on Wikimedia                                                  

Have you ever used your hands to make pictures or designs in clay or mud?  How did it feel? How long did they last?